Breaking NEWz you can UzE...
Redby man pleads guilty to kidnapping, assault
Bemidji Pioneer, MN - Jan 16, 2009
Officers processed the car and found a cigarette butt and a latent fingerprint on the overhead light bulb. The Bureau of Criminal Apprehension identified ...
Americans sold toys that contained asbestos
Mesothelioma Web, TX - Jan 12, 2009
"And because the product is already in powder form-and intended to be blown or dusted away by children searching for fingerprints-any asbestos contaminant ...
Career burglar jailed
Northern News Services (subscription), Canada - Jan 16, 2009
No one was found inside but liquor bottles had been taken and fingerprints were found on a window believed to have been used to enter or exit the building. ...
Recent CLPEX Posting Activity
containing new posts
Moderated by Steve Everist and Charlie Parker
Moderated by Steve Everist
IAI Conference Topics -
Tampa Bay, Florida - 2009:
Moderator: Steve Everist
No new posts
Documentation issues as they apply to latent prints
Moderator: Charles Parker
No new posts
Historical topics related to latent print examination
Moderator: Charles Parker
No new posts
Updated the Fingerprint Interest Group (FIG) page
with FIG #78; small size matches, from Tenneyuque, TX. You can send your example
(anonymously if you desire) of unique distortion through
For discussion, visit the CLPEX.com forum FIG thread.
Updated the Detail Archives
We reviewed three
recently posted SWGFAST updates from the website, (www.swgfast.org).
we look at relevant portions of Joe Polski's
January IAI Update.
IAI January Update
by Joe Polski
National Institute of Standards (NIST) –
Expert Working Group on Human Factors in Latent
On December 15 and 16, 2008, NIST convened a working group to
address the above topic, specifically dealing with error rates
in latent fingerprint identification. The goal of the group is
to define what is meant by error rate, seek to identify the
underlying causes of error and work to create recommendations to
minimize those errors.
A complete overview [provided in the section
below] of the working group can be found at the following web
Expert Working Group on
Human Factors in Latent Print Analysis
Office of Law Enforcement Standards (OLES)
National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST)
Project Manager, OLES/NIST
Start Date: December 2008
Projected End Date: August 2010
Human factors analysis can be used to advance our
understanding of the true nature of errors in complex work
settings. Research in this area has identified factors that
contribute to inefficiencies and quantified the effects of human
and organizational factors on performance of critical tasks The
forensic science community can benefit from the application of
the substantial body of human factors work to reduce the
consequences and likelihood of human error in the scientific
interpretation of evidence.
To assist the forensic community in this effort, the National
Institute of Justice (NIJ) and the National Institute of
Standards and Technology’s Office of Law Enforcement Standards
are sponsoring a series of expert panels to examine human
factors in forensic analyses and develop practices to reduce the
likelihood of error based on scientific research. The panels
will also evaluate various approaches to numerically quantifying
measurement uncertainty within forensic science analysis.
Each discipline-specific working group will be comprised of
experts from relevant forensic disciplines, statisticians,
psychologists, researchers, and other scientific experts, in
addition to representatives from the legal community,
professional organizations and other identified stakeholder
The first working group in the series will focus on latent
print analysis. The
Working Group on Human Factors in Latent Print Analysis is
charged with examining current policies, procedures, and
practices within the field of friction ridge identification to
examine human factors in forensic analyses. The panel will
examine current scientific research and develop practices for
latent print to reduce the likelihood of error. The group will
evaluate various approaches to numerically quantifying
measurement uncertainty within latent print analysis and will
publish its findings and recommendations.
The Latent Print Analysis working group will 1) review
current research relevant to latent print examination; 2)
examine current hiring and resource allocation practices,
operational processes and procedures, systemic policies, and
training curricula and modalities; 3) evaluate the applicability
of practices and models used in other fields, including other
forensic disciplines, to fingerprint analysis; 4) review the
feasibility of implementing new and emerging techniques,
methodologies, technologies, and standards within existing
resources; 5) identify areas for further study; 6) publish
findings and recommendations.
Develop definitions for human factors terms as applied to
Review current practices, processes, and procedures to identify
and document where uncertainty and/or variability could occur
for the purpose of reducing, eliminating, and/or measuring
• Review current training curricula and
Evaluate new/emerging methodologies, technologies, and standards
based on the ability to achieve expected outcomes; is it
Realistic: Can it be followed or achieved with existing
Reliable: Does its implementation consistently yield the same
result (all factors being equal)?
Valid: Is it based on scientific procedures or methodologies?
Clear: Is it understood in the same way by everyone concerned
and not subject to distortion or misinterpretation?
Measurable: Can performance be assessed and quantified?
This work will identify potential sources of uncertainty
within latent print analysis and will lead to the development of
guidelines, improved scientifically sound practices, and/or
standards aimed at eliminating or minimizing potential sources
of uncertainty as well as identifying future research in the
area of quantifying uncertainty within pattern recognition
Membership & Collaborating Organizations
Nominees have been selected based on demonstrated and
recognized expertise in the forensic sciences and/or a relevant
field of work; ability to balance scientific rigor with
practical and regulatory constraints; and ability to work as a
member of a team. Nominees represent a range of perspectives and
multiple scientific disciplines.
The NIJ and NIST Directors shall review the list of
candidates, provided by the NIST/OLES project manager, against
the requirements listed above and make final membership
Many IAI members as well as individuals from
academia have been chosen to serve on this working group. There
are also members from the private sector who are well known for
their work in risk assessment, error detection and prevention
and root cause analysis.
The questions being asked and discussed by this
working group have the potential to greatly affect the latent
The next meeting is set for February or March
2009. As part of the root cause analysis planned for the next
meeting, actual and theoretical cases where less than desirable
outcomes occurred will be discussed.
Please see the February/March 2009 issue of
Identification News for more complete information on this
very important initiative.
AFIS Interoperability Working Group
As you know, the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) is
partnering with the National Institute of Standards and
Technology (NIST) Office of Law Enforcement Standards (OLES) to
support the NIST/NIJ AFIS Interoperability Working Group. The
third working group meeting has been scheduled for January
27-28, 2009 in San Diego, CA.
The first day will be dedicated to interacting
with AFIS vendors. Using a panel format, each vendor
representative will be given time to present on how their
current technology supports interoperability as well as outline
how R&D efforts will improve interoperability. On the second day
the group will hear presentations on:
• Overview of Information Sharing
Mandates (i.e., relevant statutes, executive orders
and Presidential guidance) that provide and
facilitate the means for sharing information among
all appropriate Federal, State, local, tribal,
private sector, and foreign partners.
• The Information Sharing
mandated by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism
Prevention Act of 2004. Section 1016 of the law
required the President to designate a Program
Manager for the ISE and establish an Information
Sharing Council to advise the President and the
Program Manager. This presentation will provide the
working group with an update of current activities
of this body.
• The draft Model Procurement
Specifications created by several Working Group
members will be reviewed and discussed with the goal
of reaching consensus on the content for a sample
RFP. Once finalized, this will serve as the initial
document in the "Interoperability Toolkit" that will
be provided to state and local agencies.
A number of IAI members serve on this Working
Group. As I have noted in the past, this is the first time
concrete action is being taken to address the longstanding
problem of lack of interoperability of AFIS systems. We thank
NIST and NIJ for creating and funding this group and also
Melissa Taylor from NIST for her outstanding job in leading and
coordinating the Working Group’s activities.
FBI CJIS Advisory Policy Board (APB) – Peter
Peter Komarinski, Chair of the IAI’s AFIS
Committee and representative to the Identification Services
Sub-Committee (ISS) of the FBI’s Advisory Policy Board (APB)
submitted the following information regarding the recent meeting
of the APB.
The CJIS Advisory Policy Board (APB) held its
winter meeting on Dec 3-4 2008. In addition to the members of
the APB, the meeting was well attended by a variety of state,
local and federal criminal justice agency representatives as
well other interest groups.
As has been a long-standing custom, the IAI is
invited to attend the meeting and speak to the APB on current
IAI initiatives and respond to questions. Peter Komarinski,
Chair of the AFIS Committee, represents the IAI. Peter also
represents the IAI on the Identification Services Subcommittee
of the APB.
The IAI’s report to the APB on recent activities
- An overview of the 2008 Educational Conference
- The anticipated report from the National
Academies on Forensics Sciences
- NIST - AFIS Interoperability Working Group
- NIST - Expert Working Group on Human Factors
in Latent Print Analysis
- Standardization II Committee
- NIST Mobile ID
- Inform IAI membership of developments of CJIS
Biometric Center of Excellence and FBI BioSpecs website at
For those with LEO access, the APB Action and
Information Only items for the meeting can be found by going to
Advisory Process Information
Look for more information
on the APB and the Center of Excellence in an upcoming issue of
The below information was supplied by Peter
Komarinski and Peter Higgins. For more information on each item,
please visit the website shown below.
The Federal Bureau of
Investigation (FBI) Electronic Biometric Transmission
Specification (EBTS) Version 8.1 is now available for public
dissemination via the
Due to the recent
implementation of certain technical capabilities designed to
augment the IAFIS, the FBI’s EBTS has been updated to reflect
such ancillary information. Below is a list of the most notable
areas of revisions within EBTS v 8.1:
• Significant efforts have been
made to note those EBTS specifications which do
not clearly delineate between the functionality
within the IAFIS that is currently available to
the CJIS user community and what is anticipated
to be developed in the future.
• Seven new Type-2 Record Field
Tags have been created and will be used in
design to facilitate the NGI acceptance of DNA,
Rap Back, and III participant sealing.
• A special Departmental Orders
Channeling Electronic (DOCE) Type of Transaction
(TOT) has been created specifically for the
electronic submission (through designated
Channeling Agencies only) of noncriminal justice
applicant fingerprint transactions with the
corresponding receipt of an electronic response.
• As a "Future Capability", the
citizenship field will be updated to allow up to
• EBTS section 3.1.2 regarding
Special Population Cognizant (SPC) files will be
removed since SPC functionality is not supported
by the IAFIS and will not be supported by the
future Next Generation Identification (NGI).
• EBTS Rap Back section 3.16 has
been updated with the results from previously
approved APB Action Items and some definitions
have been modified.
• Various tables/data within the
Appendices section have been updated (e.g.,
inaccuracies corrected, placed in numerical or
alphabetical order, deleted due to material
• According to ANSI/NIST
standards, the IAFIS will receive and store as
part of a Tenprint Fingerprint Identification
Search: 1,000 pixels per inch (ppi) images,
Iris, Palmprint, Photo, Supplemental Fingerprint
and Palmprint data, and Type-99 Common Biometric
Exchange File Format (CBEFF) biometric data
• To clarify requirements, a new
section (i.e., 5.0 Mobile ID) has been added to
IAFIS Image Quality
certification of Mobile ID fingerprint capture
The SABER Report prepared by MITRE for the CJIS
Division is now also available. The report is being distributed
by CJIS on a disc. The report and updates are also available at
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