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Monday, December 8, 2008

 
The purpose of the Detail is to help keep you informed of the current state of affairs in the latent print community, to provide an avenue to circulate original fingerprint-related articles, and to announce important events as they happen in our field.
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Breaking NEWz you can UzE...
by Kasey Wertheim
Arrest made in 2006 house burglary
Stamford Advocate, CT - 14 hours ago
Winton Florencio, a 21-year-old Bronx, NY, resident, was arrested Thursday after his fingerprints in the Automated Fingerprint Identification System matched ...
The gloves are off as Liane's unique technique helps to finger ...
Derby Evening Telegraph, UK - Dec 5, 2008
IT was a moment that fingerprint expert Liane Marsh would remember for the rest of her life. Looking closely at a set of glove prints collected from a ...
Fingerprints link convict to two-year-old burglary in Norwalk
The Hour, CT - Dec 5, 2008
Resnick said the fingerprints submitted to the crime lab were entered into an "unsolved latent database," and recently the lab resubmitted them to search ...
Justice waited decades in rape
Tampabay.com, FL - Dec 4, 2008
The rape was revisited in 2005, when a sheriff's technician (Carol Beauchamp) reopened old cases with a computerized fingerprint matching program that was not available in ...

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Recent CLPEX Posting Activity
Last Week's Board topics containing new posts
Moderated by Steve Everist and Charlie Parker

Public CLPEX Message Board
Moderated by Steve Everist


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IAI Conference Topics -
Louisville, Kentucky 2008:
Moderator: Steve Everist


No new posts

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Documentation
Documentation issues as they apply to latent prints
Moderator: Charles Parker

Latent Form Documentation
Attachment(s) by Charles Parker on Tue Jul 08, 2008 9:52 pm
8 Replies
355 Views
Last post by josher89 View the latest post
on Tue Dec 02, 2008 2:41 pm


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History
Historical topics related to latent print examination
Moderator: Charles Parker


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(http://clpex.com/phpBB/viewforum.php?f=2)
 

 UPDATES ON CLPEX.com

Updated the Fingerprint Interest Group (FIG) page with FIG #73; Distortion: Doubling, by Sandy Siegel of Texas.  You can send your example (anonymously if you desire) of unique distortion through Charlie Parker: Charles.Parker@ci.austin.tx.us.  For discussion, visit the CLPEX.com forum FIG thread.

Updated the Detail Archives
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Last week

we took a look at new Quick Capture fingerprint technology from the FBI CJIS Division.
 

This week

We see that NIST has announced the ELFT-EFS - the FBI-sponsored NIST Evaluation of Latent Fingerprint Technologies: Extended Feature Sets. The purpose of the evaluation is to determine the effectiveness of human latent examiner marked fingerprint features on latent fingerprint search accuracy, specifically with respect to the comparative accuracy of image-only searches, image+minutiae searches, and image+extended feature searches. Their website outlines the evaluation, which begins with a public challenge problem and workshop, tentatively planned for February 2009:

http://fingerprint.nist.gov/latent/ELFT-EFS/ELFT-EFS_Announcement_2008-11-19.pdf

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NITS ELFT-EFS - Evaluation of Latent Fingerprint Technologies: Extended Feature Sets


  • Purpose
    The purpose of this evaluation is to determine the effectiveness of human latent examiner marked fingerprint features on latent fingerprint search accuracy, specifically with respect to the comparative accuracy of image-only searches, image+minutiae searches, and image+extended feature searches.

    Background
    Recent work in latent fingerprint matching has focused both on increased automation (image-only latent matching), and extended features:

    • The NIST ELFT evaluations and operational AFIS have shown that image-only latent searches are practical, with some promising fully automated image-only latent matching results — but an evaluation needs to be conducted, using new data, that investigates the comparative effect on accuracy of image-only and feature-based searches, and can provide data to determine what characteristics are likely to result in accurate automated searches.

    • A (draft) standard method of defining a comprehensive set of friction ridge features has been proposed through the work of CDEFFS 1. This Extended Feature Set (EFS) specification allows examiners to define what they see in an image — but an evaluation needs to be conducted that investigates the comparative effect on accuracy of EFS searches over traditional minutiae searches. It is critical to note that these features have a cost in examiner time: human latent expertise is a limited resource. Latent fingerprint examiners have marked minutiae for AFIS searches for years. Asking latent examiners to spend to the time to mark up a new feature for an AFIS search is only worthwhile if there is a clear benefit with respect to matcher accuracy.

    This evaluation seeks to address the needs of decision makers to determine how to optimize efficiency and accuracy when conducting image-only, image+minutiae, and image+extended features latent searches.

    Path Forward
    Summary of path forward:

    A. Public challenge dataset (SD27-1000 – see below) is already available, without Extended Feature Set (EFS) markup.

    B. Public challenge dataset with juried EFS feature markup will be made available. The dataset will be released incrementally as markup is completed.

    C. Comments will be solicited from potential participants with respect to the overall impact of EFS on matcher accuracy, comments on the potential usefulness of the various features, and comments on methods of marking the EFS in the public challenge dataset.

    D. A workshop will be held to provide input to NIST in the planning of a challenge evaluation of matcher algorithms using various combinations of EFS features. If appropriate, the EFS specification and/or the guidelines for its use will be revised in response. We are tentatively planning this workshop to be held in February 2009.

    E. A challenge problem will be conducted, at the participants’ facilities, using the public challenge data, with self-reported results.

    F. A workshop will be held to discuss the results of the challenge problem, lessons learned, and to provide input to NIST in the planning of the actual evaluation. If appropriate, the EFS specification and/or the guidelines for its use will be revised in response. If appropriate, the public challenge dataset will be revised in response and made public.

    G. Based on the findings of the challenge problem and workshops, NIST will conduct an evaluation of latent feature matching, using participants’ software on NIST hardware at NIST facilities. The evaluation dataset will be sequestered data, marked up in accordance with the findings of the challenge problem. The images in the evaluation dataset will be different than the ELFT Phase II dataset.

    Public challenge dataset (SD27-1000)
    A sample dataset of latent and exemplar images, with juried human markup of most or all EFS features will be made available before the test. The public (challenge) dataset will be based on the SD27 dataset, which has been rescanned at 1000ppi (now described as SD27-1000). The SD27-1000 latents with juried minutiae markup (not other EFS features yet) were included in the ULW 5.4 release (August 2008). The full 14-image 1000ppi exemplar sets for SD27-1000 are currently available – but without feature markup. These can be sent to interested parties within the next few weeks if requested.

    Juried feature markup entails multiple expert human latent examiners conferring to create an “ideal” markup that is as objective as possible.
    For the challenge problem, the gallery (background) data will include the rolled 10-print sets from SD27 (mates of the latents, at 500 or 1000ppi), along with SD29/SD30 as unmated background, for a total of approximately 450 subjects. Exemplars for the gallery will be images only. Different tests will be run with 500ppi and 1000ppi exemplars. Note that SD29 and SD30 contain the same images from 216 subjects, only differing in that SD29 was scanned at 500ppi and SD30 was scanned at 1000ppi.

    Proposed outline of challenge problem
    The following is a proposed outline of the planned challenge problem:

    • The challenge problem will involve 1:N searches using latent 1000ppi images provided with human groundtruthed (juried) markup of CDEFFS features.

    • Exemplars for the gallery will be images only. Different tests will be run with 500ppi and 1000ppi exemplars.

    • The challenge problem will be conducted at the participants’ facilities, using the public challenge data, with self-reported results.

    • Different tests will be run for the following search types:
    o Image only
    o Image with minutiae
    o Image with minimal/various sets of CDEFFS features (comments requested on what this would involve)
    o Image with complete set of CDEFFS features
    o Some tests may evaluate performance of features without image.

    For further information
    As additional information becomes available, updates will be made at the ELFT-EFS website (fingerprint.nist.gov/latent/ELFT-EFS), with notifications sent to interested parties.

    To register as an interested party, please send contact information (name, affiliation, email, telephone) to latent-efs@nist.gov.

    1. ANSI/NIST Committee to Define an Extended Fingerprint Feature Set — see http://fingerprint.nist.gov/standard/cdeffs

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