Breaking NEWz you can UzE...
compiled by Jon Stimac
From the IAI Monthly Update, by Joe Polski:
2004 St. Louis
The 2004 Conference Program
is now available on the IAI’s website, (theiai.org). Registration however, will
not be available until approximately the middle of May. The conference
registration booklet is currently at the printer and will be going in the mail
within the next week. I will send an announcement by e-mail to everyone on this
Monthly Update e-mail list when registration is open. This year we will launch
a new registration feature to allow conference registration via the IAI’s
website using any major credit card. In addition a registration form will be
available for down load from the site and is also included in the registration
Secretaries – Conference Exhibit Space
If your division is
interested in obtaining space at the St. Louis Conference to display your
division wares or activities please contact IAI Conference Planner, Ann Punter
by e-mail at
email@example.com or by phone at (909) 481-3308. Ann will arrange table
space for you.
Crime Scene Certification Testing
Due to a variety of
circumstances, the testing phase of the Crime Scene Certification Program is now
being handled from the IAI Office rather than by the Certification Board
Secretary. There have been a few glitches in the process as the handoff from
the Board Secretary to the IAI Office took place but we are hopeful that most of
those have been ironed out. Day to day matters of the Crime Scene Certification
Program are handled by Molly in my office so don’t hesitate to contact her with
specific questions about applications, tests etc. You can reach her by phone at
(651) 681-8566 or by e-mail at
Former Board Secretary Kathy
Saviers has resigned from the Crime Scene Certification Board as did member
Karen Hare. President Johnson and Board Chair Dennis Honeycutt are in the
process of identifying two new board members and also selecting a new board
secretary. Anyone interested in serving on the Crime Scene Certification
Board is asked to contact Board Chair Dennis Honeycutt at (252) 756-4755 or by
firstname.lastname@example.org or contact this office. Please note that in order
to serve on this board, you must possess a current crime scene certification.
180 Day Study
A great big thank you to all
who responded to the survey sent from this office a few weeks ago. We received
approximately 85 responses, a number quite remarkable considering the short time
frame to respond. The IAI’s response to the 180 Day Study has now been
completed and forwarded to the National Institute of Justice (NIJ). Committee
Member Mike Campbell drove to this office from Milwaukee a few weeks ago to
assist in compiling that 180 Day Study. We thank Mike for his commitment of
time and talent to this effort.
On May 18th and
19th, NIJ is hosting a Summit Meeting in Washington, DC that will
bring together the committee members from each of the four participating
organizations (IAI, AAFS, NAME and ASCLD) to present their findings and work to
meld the individual reports into one. The report will then be forwarded to the
Senate Appropriations Committee who made the original request for the study.
Unfortunately, NIJ did not
provide any financial assistance for this study. Such assistance would have
been immensely helpful and would have allowed a more scientific analysis of data
and more thorough research and analysis of existing data. Our report is based
on the information provided to us by the respondents to the survey as well as
thoughts of the IAI’s committee members.
After the report is
presented at the Summit Meeting, we will make it available to any interested
The preparation of this
report has been an all consuming task for the past several weeks. I can truly
say I’m happy this is completed.
FBI Advisory Policy
Board (APB), Identification Services Sub-Committee (ISS)
Steve Nash, the IAI’s
representative to the above committee recently attend an ISS meeting during
which several matters dealing with fingerprint identification were discussed.
Image capture and retention resolutions and US-VIST fingerprint identification
programs were also discussed. After the full APB has a chance to discuss these
issues at its meeting next month, we will provide more information.
In a related
area, the IAI was asked by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) to name a
person to serve on a committee to oversee NIJ’s efforts to create a research
solicitation (bid) dealing with equipment to potentially interface IAFIS with
the needs of the US-VIST program. President Jan Johnson appointed Peter
Komarinski, Chair of the AFIS Committee, to this position. We look forward to
hearing from Peter as this project moves along.
From Christophe Champod, University of Lessaune, Swizerland
Our institute is serving as coordinating laboratory for the 14th
International Forensic Science Symposium to be held in Lyon in October
2004 (more info on http://www.interpol.int/Public/Forensic/IFSS/Default.asp).
Our role is to prepare a review paper covering all material published
or unpublished (including trend assessments, internal reports, etc.)
from 2001 until today in the forensic fields of marks and impressions
(both detection and identification). That includes fingerprints,
toolmarks, footwear marks, earprints, footprints, etc.
Our library allows us an easy access to most mainstream forensic
journals, however we would like to cover unpublished (or published in
less readily available journals) work as well.
If you would like that we give an echo to some of your unpublished (or
to be published) work, feel free to contact us and send us the relevant
material. We will make sure that our report cover your material and
provide it full visibility. The review paper will be published in the
proceedings of the meeting. Feel free to share this demand with any
colleague who would be interested.
We thank you in advance for your kind assistance and we look forward to
hearing from you,
examined the 3rd Circuit US Court of Appeals' decision upholding the conviction
of Byron Mitchell. This week, we look at the use of pattern types to
diagnose medical conditions.
There are numerous articles in the dermatoglyphic field of study regarding
pattern types in a population sample. This week's Detail looks at one of
them. The question I would like to raise for discussion (on the message
board) is whether conclusions such as the following are guiding and directing
doctors in the right direction. As you read the conclusion in the study
below, think in terms of sample size, statistical analysis, pattern formation,
induction versus deduction, and whether fingerprint patterns should be used in
such a way. Then make your way to the CLPEX board, see what people have
said, and/or jump in yourself.
J Anat. Soc. India 49(2) 153-154 (2000)
Utility Of Finger Prints in Myocardial Infarction
Dhall, U; Rathee, S.K; *Dhall, A; Department of
Anatomy & *Medicine, Pt. B.D. Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak. INDIA
Abstract : Dermatoglyphics has been
well established as a diagnostic aid in a number of diseases having hereditary
basis. Genetics plays an important role in etiology of coronary artery disease,
so a study was done on 84 persons of both sexes (42 patients of mycardial
infarction & 42 controls) to find out variations in dermatoglyphysics of these
patients. It is deducted that patients of myocardial infarction have higher
incidence of whorls & lower incidence of loops in all the digits.
Keywords : Dermatoglyphics, Myocardial Infarction, Coronary artery disease
Development of dermatoglyphic pattern is under genetic control. This is evident
from the clear resemblance of dermatoglyphics among related persons (Schaumann
and Alter 1976). Dermatoglyphics as a diagnostic aid is now well established in
a number of diseases which have a strong hereditary basis. The etiology of
coronary heart disease is believed to be multifactorial with genetics playing an
important role. Variations in dermatoglyphics in such patients are, therefore,
Heart diseases are now considered as No. 1 killer in Western countries. Their
diagnosis is often difficult due to sparsity of physical signs, specially in
rural areas of developing countries where diagnostic facilities are lacking. It
is, therefore, all the more important to pay attention to the preventive aspects
of the disease. In the present study a preliminary observation was made of the
usefulness of finger tip patterns in serving as predictor for myocardial
infarction among aged individuals living in Haryana.
Material and Methods :
This study was conducted on 84 persons. Out of these 42 (32 males, 10 females)
were confirmed patients of myocardial infarction (M.I.) admitted in Pt. B.D.
Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak (mean age : 51.4±5.19 years). Diagnosis was confirmed by
different investigations carried out in this hospital during their hospital
stay. The other 42 individuals (34 males, 8 females) forming the control group
were randomly selected from the attendents of various patients. They all were
above 50 years of age (mean = 52.4±2.45 years) and on interrogation did not have
any heart problem or any symptoms related with heart problems. Finger prints of
all these cases were taken on white paper by the ‘ink and paper’ method with the
help of printer’s ink and analyzed for the pattern types. Percentage of whorls,
loops and arches were compared in the two groups.
Results were subjected to statistical analysis using ‘Z’ Test.
Table 1 : Comparison of total number of fingerprints between patients and
|Type of finger prints
Table-I shows comparison of total number of different types of finger prints in
control and M.I. patients. It is observed that the total number of whorls was
significantly higher in patients with myocardial infarction as compared to
control group (p<0.001) while there was significantly less number of loops in
heart patients (p<0.001). No significant differences were seen in the number of
arches in the two groups.
Since there were significant differences in total number of loops and whorls in
the two groups, these were further compared in individual digit.
Table-2 shows comparison of percentage of whorls and loops in individual digit
in two groups. All the digits in patients showed higher percentage of whorls,
the difference being significant statistically in right thumb (P < 0.05), right
little finger ( P<0.01) and left ring finger (P<0.05). Also all the digits
showed lower percentage of loops in heart patients as compared to control group.
The difference between two groups was statistically significant in right thumb
(P<0.01) and left ring finger (P<0.05). Table 3 shows comparison of different
types of finger tip patterns in control & heart patients. Significantly more
number of heart patients showed the presence of whorls in one or more fingers as
compared to controls (90% vs, 71%; P<0.05). The difference in incidence of loops
and arches was not statistically significant.
Table 2 : Comparison of percentage of Whorls and Loops in each digit in two
|Control Patient P-value
||17.6 38.0 <0.05
||22.5 31.0 N.S.
||15.4 28.5 N.S.
||51.3 61.9 N.S.
||20.3 29.6 <0.01
||11.1 28.5 N.S.
||22.5 33.3 N.S.
||10.3 19.0 N.S.
||37.2 57.1 <0.05
||13.9 19.2 N.S.
|Control Patient P-value
||79.4 50.1 <0.01
||60.0 52.4 N.S.
||76.9 71.4 N.S.
||46.2 33.3 N.S.
||70.3 60.7 N.S.
||75.0 59.8 N.S.
||57.5 54.8 N.S.
||76.9 57.1 N.S.
||61.5 33.3 <0.05
||80.6 67.9 N.S.
N.S. = Not Significant
Table 3 : No. of persons showing different finger tip patterns
|Finger tip pattern
Rashad and MI (1975) reported significantly higher frequency of true whorls in
M.I. patients. Rao (1995) reported that persons who have predominant whorls in
finger prints have higher incidence of widespread arterial and venous
thrombosis. Bhatt (1996) presented data showing significantly higher incidence
of whorls and lower incidence of loops in patients with myocardial infarction.
He also reported significant differences in controls and patients in the
incidence of whorls and loops in all the individual fingers. Observations of the
present study add support to these earlier observations. Such differences were
significant only in right thumb, right little finger and left ring finger, where
whorls were significantly higher in patients with myocardial infarction.
Similarly loops were significantly less in right thumb and left ring finger in
heart patients. Further 90% heart patients showed whorls on one or more fingers
as compared to 71% controls.
This being a preliminary study, only suggests an increased risk of myocardial
infarction in persons having predominance of whorls. Such persons can be
identified by this simple and economical technique for having finger prints.
These persons may be screened regularly for coronary artery disease as a
preventive measure. Further studies are, however, needed to support the idea
particularly with detailed analysis of other risks factors and severity of
disease which have not been taken into account in the present study. Also more
detailed analysis of palmar prints i.e. total ridge count and atd angle may
further elaborate their relationship with coronary artery disease.
Study was conducted on 84 persons of both sexes. Out of these 42 were confirmed
patients of myocardial infarction and other 42 were normal healthy persons.
Their finger prints were taken and analysed for pattern type. Study group showed
significantly higher incidence of whorls (P<0.001) and lower incidence of loops
(P<0.001). Loops and whorls were further compared in individual digits. All the
digits in heart patients showed lower incidence of loops and higher incidence of
whorls. This simple technique may thus be utilised for screening of high risk
The authors are grateful to Sh. R.K. Sharma, Astrologer and Fisheries
Development Officer, Rohtak, Haryana for suggesting the topic and co-operating
during the study.
1. Bhatt, S.H. (1996): New sign of myocardial infarction. Medicine Update
2. Rashad, M.M. and MI, M.P; (1975): Dermatoglyphic traits in patients with
cardiovascular disorders. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 42: 281-284.
3. Rao, U.R. (1995): Anticardiolipin antibodies. Medicine Update Apicon 95:
4. Schaumann, B. and Alter, M.A.: Dermatoglyphics in medical disorders.
Springer, New York. (1976)
To discuss this Detail,
message board is always open: (http://www.clpex.com/phpBB/viewforum.php?f=2)
More formal latent print discussions are available at
EARN THE RESPECT OF YOUR BOSS
Managers respect employees who take responsibilities seriously. Use these
three top techniques to show your professionalism and commitment to your
1. Find ways to add value to your organization. The most successful
people - at any level of an organization - identify opportunities to enhance
their company's profits. You'll score well-deserved points if you can find
ways to streamline processes and reduce costs.
2. Seek out new responsibilities. Don't let your job description limit
you. For example, even if online research is not part of your job, take
the initiative to research market trends or track competitor information, and
you'll gain more visibility in your company.
3. Take credit for work well done. But don't overdo it. If you
spend a considerable amount of time and effort on a project, make sure your boss
understands the energy you put into it, including results. But don't spend
too much time bragging about your efforts.
From the editors of Communication Briefings,
March, 2004, 800.722.9221, briefings.com.
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